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Urban governance and the environment : solid-waste management in two municipalities in Thailand

หน่วยงาน สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Urban governance and the environment : solid-waste management in two municipalities in Thailand
นักวิจัย : Orathai Kokpol
คำค้น : Political science , Environmental science , Public administration , Urban governance , Environment , Solid-waste management , Waste management , Municipalities , Thailand
หน่วยงาน : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2541
อ้างอิง : Ph.D., University of Toronto (Canada), 1998, 404 pages , 9780612414501 , http://dspace.library.tu.ac.th/handle/3517/3806 , http://dspace.library.tu.ac.th/handle/3517/3806
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : -
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

This research addresses an effective approach to the understanding of urban government and its performance in dealing with urban environmental issues. Such issues as solid waste, and air and water pollution have direct impacts on peoples' quality of life and livelihood, and tend to be politically sensitive ones that can mobilize or organize civil society to become more involved in municipal politics. Focusing on the case of two municipalities (Chiang Mai and Hat Yai) in Thailand with different municipal performances on solid-waste management, and using a comparative analysis of their urban governance, the research argues that, while urban management and central-local relations shed light on the government side (i.e., both central and municipal governments), urban governance, or the relationship between the municipality and civil society, provides an important insight into the complex nature of municipal performance in dealing with solid-waste issues. It also reveals the dynamic, interlocking and interdependent relationship of key elements--municipal competency, the activity of civil society, the interaction between civil society and municipality, the central-local relationship and municipal performance. While the research demonstrates the case for urban governance as an important factor in understanding municipal performance, effective urban governance, as illustrated by the cases of Hat Yai and Chiang Mai, is not necessarily democratic (i.e., with transparency and active civic engagement) but rather highlights the importance of strong and popular leadership, financial resources, a local leadership coalition and a supportive relationship with the central government. These factors reinforce each other and are also influenced by the interplay of local socio-cultural, political and economic factors within each city. With respect to the debate on the nature and character of the state-civil society relationship, these findings reject the notion of good governance put forward by the World Bank and international donors, since the municipality-civil society relationships in Chiang Mai (a weak municipality and a strong civil society) and Hat Yai (a strong municipality and a weak civil society) tend to conform to the zero-sum game model illustrated in the urban research literature. This research demonstrates the importance of the inclusion of civil society (both the changing character and composition of civil society, and civic engagement in municipal politics and administration) and local context into the analysis when examining urban government and its municipal performance, particularly on urban environmental issues. It means that understanding urban government and its performance has to go beyond and central-local relations to include the government-civil society relationship and the contextual framework. This integrated approach should provide valuable insight into the complicated, dynamic and multifaceted nature of urban government and urban environmental issues.

บรรณานุกรม :
Orathai Kokpol . (2541). Urban governance and the environment : solid-waste management in two municipalities in Thailand.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ .
Orathai Kokpol . 2541. "Urban governance and the environment : solid-waste management in two municipalities in Thailand".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ .
Orathai Kokpol . "Urban governance and the environment : solid-waste management in two municipalities in Thailand."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ , 2541. Print.
Orathai Kokpol . Urban governance and the environment : solid-waste management in two municipalities in Thailand. กรุงเทพมหานคร : สถาบันวิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่ง มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ; 2541.