ridm@nrct.go.th   ระบบคลังข้อมูลงานวิจัยไทย   รายการโปรดที่คุณเลือกไว้

Environmental life cycle assessment of different domestic wastewater streams : policy effectiveness in a tropical urban environment

หน่วยงาน Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Environmental life cycle assessment of different domestic wastewater streams : policy effectiveness in a tropical urban environment
นักวิจัย : Ng, Bernard J.H. , Zhou, Jin , Giannis, Apostolos , Chang, Victor Wei-Chung , Wang, Jing-Yuan
คำค้น : DRNTU::Engineering::Civil engineering::Water resources
หน่วยงาน : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2557
อ้างอิง : Ng, B. J., Zhou, J., Giannis, A., Chang, V. W. C., & Wang, J. Y. (2014). Environmental life cycle assessment of different domestic wastewater streams: Policy effectiveness in a tropical urban environment. Journal of Environmental Management, 140, 60-68. , 0301-4797 , http://hdl.handle.net/10220/19274 , http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.01.052
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : Journal of environmental management
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

To enhance local water security, the Singapore government promotes two water conservation policies: the use of eco-friendly toilets to reduce yellow water (YW) disposal and the installation of water efficient devices to minimize gray water (GW) discharge. The proposed water conservation policies have different impacts on the environmental performance of local wastewater management. The main purpose of this study is to examine and compare the impacts of different domestic wastewater streams and the effectiveness of two water conservation policies by means of life cycle assessment (LCA). LCA is used to compare three scenarios, including a baseline scenario (BL), YW-reduced scenario (YWR) and GW-reduced scenario (GWR). The BL is designed based on the current wastewater management system, whereas the latter two scenarios are constructed according to the two water conservation policies that are proposed by the Singapore government. The software SIMPARO 7.3 with local data and an eco-invent database is used to build up the model, and the functional unit is defined as the daily wastewater disposal of a Singapore resident. Due to local water supply characteristics, the system boundary is extended to include the sewage sludge management and tap water production processes. The characterization results indicate that the GWR has a significant impact reduction (22–25%) while the YWR has only a 2–4% impact reduction compared with the BL. The contribution analysis reveals that the GW dominates many impact categories except eutrophication potential. The tap water production is identified as the most influential process due to its high embodied energy demand in a local context. Life cycle costing analysis shows that both YWR and GWR are financially favorable. It is also revealed that the current water conservation policies could only achieve Singapore's short-term targets. Therefore, two additional strategies are recommended for achieving long-term goals. This study provides a comprehensive and reliable environmental profile of Singapore's wastewater management with the help of extended system boundary and local data. This work also fills the research gap of previous studies by identifying the contribution of different wastewater streams, which would serve as a good reference for source-separating sanitation system design.

บรรณานุกรม :
Ng, Bernard J.H. , Zhou, Jin , Giannis, Apostolos , Chang, Victor Wei-Chung , Wang, Jing-Yuan . (2557). Environmental life cycle assessment of different domestic wastewater streams : policy effectiveness in a tropical urban environment.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Ng, Bernard J.H. , Zhou, Jin , Giannis, Apostolos , Chang, Victor Wei-Chung , Wang, Jing-Yuan . 2557. "Environmental life cycle assessment of different domestic wastewater streams : policy effectiveness in a tropical urban environment".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Ng, Bernard J.H. , Zhou, Jin , Giannis, Apostolos , Chang, Victor Wei-Chung , Wang, Jing-Yuan . "Environmental life cycle assessment of different domestic wastewater streams : policy effectiveness in a tropical urban environment."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2557. Print.
Ng, Bernard J.H. , Zhou, Jin , Giannis, Apostolos , Chang, Victor Wei-Chung , Wang, Jing-Yuan . Environmental life cycle assessment of different domestic wastewater streams : policy effectiveness in a tropical urban environment. กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2557.