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Directing neuronal differentiation of primary neural progenitor cells by gene knockdown approach

หน่วยงาน Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Directing neuronal differentiation of primary neural progenitor cells by gene knockdown approach
นักวิจัย : Low, Wei Ching , Yau, Winifred Wing Yiu , Stanton, Lawrence W. , Marcy, Guillaume , Goh, Eyleen , Chew, Sing Yian
คำค้น : -
หน่วยงาน : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2555
อ้างอิง : Low, W. C., Yau, W. W. Y., Stanton, L. W., Marcy, G., Goh, E., & Chew, S. Y. (2012). Directing Neuronal Differentiation of Primary Neural Progenitor Cells by Gene Knockdown Approach. DNA and Cell Biology, 31(7), 1148-1160. , http://hdl.handle.net/10220/13239 , http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/dna.2011.1557
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : DNA and cell biology
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

Directing differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) to produce functional neurons is a promising remedy for neural pathological conditions. The major challenge, however, lies in the effective and efficient generation of a sizable population of neurons. A potential strategy is to incorporate RNA interference (RNAi) during directed stem cell differentiation to recapitulate the complex cell-signaling cascades that often occurs during the process. In this study, in vitro silencing of RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST) was carried out using small-interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to evaluate the efficacy of combining REST knockdown with conventional differentiation approaches to enhance neurogenesis. While earlier studies have demonstrated enhanced neuronal lineage commitment from embryonic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells upon REST knockdown, the effects of REST silencing during other stages of neural development have not been extensively evaluated. We hypothesize that REST knockdown would enhance NPC development to mature neurons and that induced REST silencing can serve as a potential biochemical approach to direct cell fate. Under nonspecific induction conditions, REST knockdown induced eightfold higher Tuj1 mRNA expression at day 14 compared with untransfected cells and cells subjected to scrambled-siRNA treatment (controls). Immunostaining also revealed greater percentage of Tuj1 positive cells with REST knockdown. Combined with neuronal induction, REST silencing enhanced the kinetics of neuronal differentiation and the rate of maturation of committed neuronal cells. Specifically, upregulation of MAP2 occurred as early as 3 days after induction with REST silencing and the expression was comparable to the controls at day 14. Likewise, downregulation of REST generated more than twice the percentage of Tuj1 and MAP2 positive cells compared with controls at day 5 (p<0.05). Morphologically, REST-silencing enhanced the number and length of neurite extensions from Tuj1 positive cells (p<0.05), which was not evaluated in previous differentiation studies with REST knockdown. Taken together, these results demonstrate the efficacy of combining REST silencing during directed NPC differentiation to enhance the rate of differentiation and subsequent maturation of NPCs. This study also highlights the potential of RNAi as a biomedical strategy for guided stem cell differentiation.

บรรณานุกรม :
Low, Wei Ching , Yau, Winifred Wing Yiu , Stanton, Lawrence W. , Marcy, Guillaume , Goh, Eyleen , Chew, Sing Yian . (2555). Directing neuronal differentiation of primary neural progenitor cells by gene knockdown approach.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Low, Wei Ching , Yau, Winifred Wing Yiu , Stanton, Lawrence W. , Marcy, Guillaume , Goh, Eyleen , Chew, Sing Yian . 2555. "Directing neuronal differentiation of primary neural progenitor cells by gene knockdown approach".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Low, Wei Ching , Yau, Winifred Wing Yiu , Stanton, Lawrence W. , Marcy, Guillaume , Goh, Eyleen , Chew, Sing Yian . "Directing neuronal differentiation of primary neural progenitor cells by gene knockdown approach."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2555. Print.
Low, Wei Ching , Yau, Winifred Wing Yiu , Stanton, Lawrence W. , Marcy, Guillaume , Goh, Eyleen , Chew, Sing Yian . Directing neuronal differentiation of primary neural progenitor cells by gene knockdown approach. กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2555.