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Emergency water supply : a review of potential technologies and selection criteria

หน่วยงาน Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Emergency water supply : a review of potential technologies and selection criteria
นักวิจัย : Loo, Siew-Leng , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Krantz, William B. , Lim, Teik-Thye
คำค้น : -
หน่วยงาน : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2555
อ้างอิง : Loo, S.-L., Fane, A. G., Krantz, W. B., & Lim, T.-T. (2012). Emergency water supply: A review of potential technologies and selection criteria. Water Research, 46, 3125-3151. , 0043-1354 , http://hdl.handle.net/10220/11018 , http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.03.030
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : Water Research
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

Access to safe drinking water is one of the first priorities following a disaster. However, providing drinking water to the affected population (AP) is challenging due to severe contamination and lack of access to infrastructure. An onsite treatment system for the AP is a more sustainable solution than transporting bottled water. Emergency water technologies (WTs) that are modular, mobile or portable are suitable for emergency relief. This paper reviews WTs including membrane technologies that are suitable for use in emergencies. Physical, chemical, thermal- and light-based treatment methods, and membrane technologies driven by different driving forces such as pressure, temperature and osmotic gradients are reviewed. Each WT is evaluated by ten mutually independent criteria: costs, ease of deployment, ease of use, maintenance, performance, potential acceptance, energy requirements, supply chain requirements, throughput and environmental impact. A scoring system based on these criteria is presented. A methodology for emergency WT selection based on compensatory multi-criteria analysis is developed and discussed. Finally, critical research needs are identified.

บรรณานุกรม :
Loo, Siew-Leng , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Krantz, William B. , Lim, Teik-Thye . (2555). Emergency water supply : a review of potential technologies and selection criteria.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Loo, Siew-Leng , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Krantz, William B. , Lim, Teik-Thye . 2555. "Emergency water supply : a review of potential technologies and selection criteria".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Loo, Siew-Leng , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Krantz, William B. , Lim, Teik-Thye . "Emergency water supply : a review of potential technologies and selection criteria."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2555. Print.
Loo, Siew-Leng , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Krantz, William B. , Lim, Teik-Thye . Emergency water supply : a review of potential technologies and selection criteria. กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2555.