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Fouling reduction in MBR-RO processes : the effect of MBR F/M ratio

หน่วยงาน Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Fouling reduction in MBR-RO processes : the effect of MBR F/M ratio
นักวิจัย : Kitade, Tamotsu , Wu, Bing , Chong, Tzyy Haur , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Uemura, Tadahiro
คำค้น : -
หน่วยงาน : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2556
อ้างอิง : Kitade, T., Wu, B., Chong, T. H., Fane, A. G., & Uemura, T. (2013). Fouling reduction in MBR-RO processes: the effect of MBR F/M ratio. Desalination and Water Treatment. , 1944-3994 , http://hdl.handle.net/10220/10964 , http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.776243
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : Desalination and water treatment
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

This work investigated fouling propensities of microfiltration membranes and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes and analyzed the characteristics of deposited foulants on the membranes in two parallel Membrane bioreactor (MBR)-RO systems, with MBRs operated at different food to micro-organism (F/M) ratios. The results show that a high F/M ratio (0.50 g/g MLSS day) in the MBR caused greater membrane fouling rates of the MBR and RO membranes than a low F/M ratio (0.17 g/g MLSS day). In the MBRs, deposited microbial flocs were major foulants at low flux (10 L/m2 h), whereas soluble substances in the cake foulants predominantly induced membrane fouling at high fluxes (20 and 30 L/m2 h). In order to investigate the contributions of the protein, polysaccharides, and transparent exopolymer in the soluble substances to membrane fouling, bovine serum albumin, sodium alginate, and gum xanthan were used as model compounds, respectively, in experiments with the activated sludge samples from the MBR. The results imply that soluble polysaccharides (SP) and soluble transparent exopolymer particles (sTEP) were associated with fouling propagation. On the RO membranes, SP and sTEP were identified as major contributors to RO fouling rather than microbial cells and soluble protein. Our findings emphasize that the important role of the nature of soluble substances in membrane fouling and highlight that optimization of MBR operation is crucial to alleviate RO membrane fouling.

บรรณานุกรม :
Kitade, Tamotsu , Wu, Bing , Chong, Tzyy Haur , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Uemura, Tadahiro . (2556). Fouling reduction in MBR-RO processes : the effect of MBR F/M ratio.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Kitade, Tamotsu , Wu, Bing , Chong, Tzyy Haur , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Uemura, Tadahiro . 2556. "Fouling reduction in MBR-RO processes : the effect of MBR F/M ratio".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Kitade, Tamotsu , Wu, Bing , Chong, Tzyy Haur , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Uemura, Tadahiro . "Fouling reduction in MBR-RO processes : the effect of MBR F/M ratio."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2556. Print.
Kitade, Tamotsu , Wu, Bing , Chong, Tzyy Haur , Fane, Anthony Gordon , Uemura, Tadahiro . Fouling reduction in MBR-RO processes : the effect of MBR F/M ratio. กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2556.