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Comparisons of sidewall correction of bed shear stress in open-channel flows

หน่วยงาน Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : Comparisons of sidewall correction of bed shear stress in open-channel flows
นักวิจัย : Cheng, Nian-Sheng , Chua, Lloyd Hock Chye
คำค้น : DRNTU::Engineering::Civil engineering::Water resources
หน่วยงาน : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2548
อ้างอิง : Cheng, N. S. & Chua, L. H. C. (2005). Comparisons of Sidewall Correction of Bed Shear Stress in Open-Channel Flows. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 131(7), 605-609. , 0733-9429 (print) , http://hdl.handle.net/10220/7664 , http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2005)131:7(605)
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : Journal of hydraulic engineering
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

When investigating sediment transport in laboratory open-channel flows, it is often necessary to remove sidewall effects for computing effective bed shear stress. Previous sidewall correction methods are subject to some assumptions that have not been completely verified, and different values of the bed shear stress may be obtained depending on the approach used in making sidewall corrections. This study provides a quantitative assessment of the existing correction procedures by comparing them to a new sidewall correction model proposed in this study. The latter was derived based on the shear stress function and equivalent roughness size for both rigid and mobile bed conditions, which were obtained directly from experimental measurements. The comparisons show that the Einstein correction formula and the Vanoni and Brooks method generally predict relatively lower and higher bed shear stresses, respectively, while the Williams' empirical function leads to more scatter. This study also demonstrates that the widely used Vanoni and Brooks approach can be well approximated by a simple formula derived based on the Blasius resistance function. The sidewall effects, when removed in the different ways, would consequently affect the presentation of the bedload function. Experimental results of bedload transport, when plotted as the dimensionless transport rate against the dimensionless shear stress with the latter being corrected using the present model, exhibit less scatter than those associated with the previous procedures.

บรรณานุกรม :
Cheng, Nian-Sheng , Chua, Lloyd Hock Chye . (2548). Comparisons of sidewall correction of bed shear stress in open-channel flows.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Cheng, Nian-Sheng , Chua, Lloyd Hock Chye . 2548. "Comparisons of sidewall correction of bed shear stress in open-channel flows".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Cheng, Nian-Sheng , Chua, Lloyd Hock Chye . "Comparisons of sidewall correction of bed shear stress in open-channel flows."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2548. Print.
Cheng, Nian-Sheng , Chua, Lloyd Hock Chye . Comparisons of sidewall correction of bed shear stress in open-channel flows. กรุงเทพมหานคร : Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2548.