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A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan

หน่วยงาน Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

รายละเอียด

ชื่อเรื่อง : A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan
นักวิจัย : Mahmood, Nik Mohamed Zaki Nik
คำค้น : RG Gynecology and obstetrics
หน่วยงาน : Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
ผู้ร่วมงาน : -
ปีพิมพ์ : 2548
อ้างอิง : http://eprints.usm.my/45857/1/GP...A%20Study%20On%20Menopausal%20Experiences%20In%20Malaysia%20Women%20In%20Kelantan...2005...OCR.pdf , Mahmood, Nik Mohamed Zaki Nik (2005) A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan. A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan. (Submitted)
ที่มา : -
ความเชี่ยวชาญ : -
ความสัมพันธ์ : http://eprints.usm.my/45857/
ขอบเขตของเนื้อหา : -
บทคัดย่อ/คำอธิบาย :

Menopause is associated with numerous transient typical and atypical sympto~s. ·It is believed that Asian women suffer more of the atypical symptoms and fewer, and with lesser severity, the typical psychological and vasomotor symptoms than the western women. This study reports the incidence and nature of menopausal symptoms in Kelantanese women and the self-care actions taken by them. A semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire'. was administered to 326 I) ~ . postmenopausal women (aged, 57.01 ± 6.~8 (SD) years) residing in th~ state of Kelantan. The· subjects comprised of naturally menopaused,· healthy women. Women with - uncontrolled diabetes and h)ipertension were not included. Descriptive statistic.al analysis was performed ~n the data using SPSS pro~amme. Mean age at menopause was 49.4 ± 3.4 (SD) years while both the mode and median were 50 years. The mode for the number of symptoms complained by each woman was 8 (range 0- 16). The incidences for atypical symptoms was; tiredness (79.1 %), reduced concentration (77.5%), musculo-skeletal aches (70.6%) and backache (67.7%). Night sweats (53%), headaches (49.4%) and hot flushes (44.7%) were the typical vasomotor symptoms, whereas mood swings (51%), sleep problems (45.1%), loneliness (41.1%), anxiety (39.8%), and crying spells (33.4%) were the main psychological symptoms. Majority of the women reported reduced vaginal secretion (50.9%). The commonest coi tal frequency was approximately 2-4 times per month (49.7%). Overall, 42.3% reported a decrease in the frequency of sexual activity postmenopausally. Over twothirds (69%) of the women reported either reduced (39%) or absent (29.6%) sexual desire or interest. A similar pattern was also reported for libido. Varying degree of dyspareunia was reported by 34% of the . women. Some women (23.3%) had noticed that their spouses' sexual interest in them had reduced compared to before menopause. A small percentage (7 .1%) reported that their vagina was not able to accommodate comple~ely an erect penis. A small percentage (2.1%) admitted to having sexual problems, which had an affect on their marital relationship and another group (9.5%) had spouses With sexual problems. A quarter of the women though~ their sexuality could be improved while . another quarter thought otherwise. More than half (52.6%) did not take any action to improve their sexuality. Those who did, took HRT, "Jamu", Evening Primrose Oil, Royal jelly, did regular exercises and controlled their diet. The percentage of women taking self-care actions depended up

บรรณานุกรม :
Mahmood, Nik Mohamed Zaki Nik . (2548). A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan.
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia.
Mahmood, Nik Mohamed Zaki Nik . 2548. "A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan".
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia.
Mahmood, Nik Mohamed Zaki Nik . "A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan."
    กรุงเทพมหานคร : Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia, 2548. Print.
Mahmood, Nik Mohamed Zaki Nik . A study on menopausal experiences in Malaysian women in Kelantan. กรุงเทพมหานคร : Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia; 2548.